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怎么做才能减少火炬蓄电池变形的现象?

2019-12-30 13:59:39      点击:

  火炬蓄电池在冬季会出现变形的现象,那么大家是否了解怎么做才能减少火炬蓄电池变形的现象吗?下面详细为大家介绍:

  火炬蓄电池(chi)冬天容量减少变(bian)形的(de)原因

  火(huo)(huo)炬蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)的(de)(de)标准容(rong)量在摄(she)氏25度(du)(du)的(de)(de)环(huan)境温(wen)(wen)度(du)(du)下得以体现,气温(wen)(wen)每(mei)低于25度(du)(du)一(yi)度(du)(du)其容(rong)量就会下降(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)百分之一(yi),这是铅酸火(huo)(huo)炬蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)的(de)(de)共性(xing)。温(wen)(wen)度(du)(du)降(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)低,扩散(san)(san)系数(shu)减少,扩散(san)(san)速度(du)(du)慢,同时内(nei)阻增加,因而电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)容(rong)量下降(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)。免维护火(huo)(huo)炬蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)上面有一(yi)个电(dian)(dian)眼(yan)(yan)我们可以通(tong)过电(dian)(dian)眼(yan)(yan)来检(jian)测(ce)火(huo)(huo)炬蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)电(dian)(dian)解液(ye)比重显(xian)示不同的(de)(de)颜色(se),供用(yong)户大约判断火(huo)(huo)炬蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)工作状(zhuang)态(tai),例如,绿色(se)火(huo)(huo)炬蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)满电(dian)(dian),红色(se)表(biao)示火(huo)(huo)炬蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)需要充(chong)电(dian)(dian)。

  二,火炬蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池怕低温,低温环(huan)境下火炬蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池容(rong)量比(bi)常(chang)温时(shi)的(de)电(dian)(dian)容(rong)量低得多。在温暖地方正常(chang)使用的(de)火炬蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池到(dao)寒冷的(de)地方会突然没有电(dian)(dian)。因此,在寒冷季节(jie)来临(lin)之前(qian),应检查电(dian)(dian)解(jie)(jie)液高(gao)度。如果需要应补充火炬蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池的(de)电(dian)(dian)解(jie)(jie)液,调整好电(dian)(dian)解(jie)(jie)液比(bi)重(zhong),并检查其存电(dian)(dian)情况(kuang),必要时(shi)充电(dian)(dian)。同时(shi)清洁火炬蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池接线束,并涂上专(zhuan)用油脂加以保(bao)护,保(bao)证启动可靠,延长火炬蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池寿命(ming)。

  免维护火炬蓄电(dian)池(chi)冬天电(dian)不足的原(yuan)因主要有(you)以下(xia)两点:

  一(yi)、电解液不易(yi)扩散(san),两极活性物(wu)质的化学反应速率变(bian)慢。

  二、电(dian)解液之阻抗增(zeng)加(jia),电(dian)瓶电(dian)压下降(jiang),光宇(yu)火炬蓄电(dian)池(chi)的容(rong)量会(hui)随火炬蓄电(dian)池(chi)温(wen)度下降(jiang)而减少。

  所以电(dian)池冬(dong)季比夏季的(de)使(shi)用(yong)时间(jian)(jian)(jian)短,特别是使(shi)用(yong)于(yu)冷冻库的(de)火炬蓄(xu)电(dian)池由于(yu)放电(dian)量大,而使(shi)一天的(de)实际使(shi)用(yong)时间(jian)(jian)(jian)显著减短。若欲延长使(shi)用(yong)时间(jian)(jian)(jian),则在冬(dong)季或(huo)是进入冷冻库前,应(ying)先提高其温(wen)度。

  如果(guo)汽(qi)车(che)在露(lu)天或(huo)冷(leng)库(ku)停放(fang)数周不(bu)用(yong),应拆(chai)下火(huo)炬蓄(xu)电(dian)池,存(cun)放(fang)在较(jiao)为温(wen)暖的(de)房间内(nei),以(yi)防(fang)光宇(yu)火(huo)炬蓄(xu)电(dian)池结(jie)冰损坏。当环(huan)境温(wen)度(du)低(di)于(yu)零下10度(du)时,放(fang)完电(dian)的(de)火(huo)炬蓄(xu)电(dian)池将(jiang)结(jie)冰,充电(dian)前必须对结(jie)冰的(de)火(huo)炬蓄(xu)电(dian)池进行解冻处理,否则直(zhi)接充电(dian)可能引起爆炸,而且使用(yong)小电(dian)流慢速充电(dian)。

  在冬天使(shi)用(yong)(yong)火炬(ju)蓄(xu)电(dian)池(chi)一定要注意保养(yang)以及维护(hu),只有这样我们(men)才能有效的避免火炬(ju)蓄(xu)电(dian)池(chi)的容量的减少(shao)以及减少(shao)火炬(ju)蓄(xu)电(dian)池(chi)使(shi)用(yong)(yong)过程(cheng)发生变(bian)形的几率!

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