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火炬蓄电池的表面如何进行清理?

2020-01-02 14:05:59      点击:

  火炬蓄电池的使用过程中需要定期的清理表面,那么大家是否了解火炬蓄电池的表面如何进行清理吗?下面详细为大家介绍:

  火炬(ju)蓄电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)作为新(xin)能源工(gong)业车(che)辆的(de)(de)(de)动(dong)力(li)来(lai)源,是需要(yao)依(yi)靠后(hou)期(qi)的(de)(de)(de)维护(hu)工(gong)作来(lai)确保电(dian)(dian)瓶的(de)(de)(de)正常发挥,由于价格(ge)比较(jiao)高(gao)昂,稍有不(bu)注意,很容易导致(zhi)电(dian)(dian)动(dong)火炬(ju)抛(pao)锚,我们平时(shi)需要(yao)怎(zen)样来(lai)清(qing)(qing)理(li)(li)表(biao)(biao)面的(de)(de)(de)工(gong)作呢?表(biao)(biao)面的(de)(de)(de)清(qing)(qing)洁度会(hui)影响(xiang)到火炬(ju)蓄电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)的(de)(de)(de)自放(fang)电(dian)(dian),驾驶员应(ying)经常清(qing)(qing)理(li)(li)蓄电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)盖上(shang)的(de)(de)(de)灰尘、污垢(gou)等,以免(mian)其加注孔(kong)盖或螺塞上(shang)的(de)(de)(de)通(tong)气孔(kong)被(bei)(bei)堵(du)塞。倘(tang)若蓄电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)盖小孔(kong)被(bei)(bei)堵(du),产生的(de)(de)(de)氢(qing)气和氧气排(pai)不(bu)出去,电(dian)(dian)解液膨胀(zhang)时(shi)会(hui)把蓄电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)外壳撑破。如果发现极柱上(shang)出现固体氧化(hua)物时(shi),应(ying)及(ji)时(shi)用热水(shui)浇冲,予(yu)以清(qing)(qing)除,以免(mian)影响(xiang)极柱与接(jie)线之间的(de)(de)(de)导通(tong)性。清(qing)(qing)理(li)(li)干净(jing)后(hou),将蓄电(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)表(biao)(biao)面擦(ca)拭干净(jing),在极柱及(ji)接(jie)线头(tou)抹上(shang)黄油,保证极柱不(bu)被(bei)(bei)氧化(hua)或腐蚀(shi),平时(shi)补(bu)加蒸馏水(shui)时(shi),需要(yao)注意,别过多的(de)(de)(de)添加,避免(mian)溢出。

  正常(chang)工作时,单格2V火(huo)炬(ju)电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)充(chong)满(man)电(dian)(dian)的(de)电(dian)(dian)压是(shi)2.17V,此时90%以上的(de)活性物质已转化为二氧化铅(qian)和海绵(mian)状(zhuang)的(de)铅(qian)。如果(guo)继(ji)续对电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)充(chong)电(dian)(dian),电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)的(de)正极(ji)(ji)开始(shi)析出氧气(qi)(qi),阴极(ji)(ji)析出氢气(qi)(qi),也(ye)就是(shi)电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)内(nei)部(bu)产生(sheng)了气(qi)(qi)体,并臣(chen)随着充(chong)电(dian)(dian)的(de)继(ji)续进行,产生(sheng)的(de)气(qi)(qi)体愈来愈多(duo),电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)内(nei)部(bu)的(de)水电(dian)(dian)解转化成了气(qi)(qi)体,电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)开始(shi)失水。另(ling)一方面,电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)里的(de)气(qi)(qi)体增多(duo)后,气(qi)(qi)体的(de)压力也(ye)愈来愈大,如 不予以释放(fang),就可能引发电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)的(de)爆炸(zha)。因此,在电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)的(de)顶(ding)部(bu)都开有(you)小孔(kong),另(ling)外,在电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)失水后向瓶(ping)(ping)内(nei)加硫酸会增大电(dian)(dian)解液的(de)浓度,同样也(ye)会降低电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)寿命,电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)失水后,电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)的(de)硫化加剧,内(nei)阻上升,导(dao)致电(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)(ping)容量下降甚至报废(fei);总之,日常(chang)的(de)保(bao)养维(wei)护,是(shi)决定(ding)火(huo)炬(ju)蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)池(chi)寿命的(de)关键因素。

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